“To-morrow.” The Hellerau ProjectConstruction of England’s Letchworth Garden City began in 1903. It was one of the first attempts to defy the oppressive housing conditions rampant throughout large European cities. A few years later, the “Hellerau” construction project followed in Saxonian Dresden. It was to become a singular undertaking.
From early on, the founder of the Deutsche Werkstätten, Karl Schmidt, spoke of combining his new factory building with that of a garden city settlement . The decision was made in 1906, construction began in 1908. The building site largely corresponded to the guidelines Ebenezer Howard had published in his 1898 theoretical paper on “ Garden Cities of To-morrow”: near a large city but in a rural environment, on inexpensive land . The “Heller” at Dresden’s northern edge was just such an area. In addition to dwellings, numerous social and service outlets were also included. In 1909, the first ten families moved in. The settlement was continually expanded through to the 1930s.