New lifestyles, new furnitureHousing requirements change, lifestyles vary, dwellings are used in different ways, architecture never remains static. Furniture needs to respond to all this. In Hellerau, it has some help.
By the mid-1920s, economisation and mass production were acknowledged as being inevitable for Germany. This came as no surprise to the Hellerau craftsmen. Building upon the prototype “Dresden household units” and “German household units” furniture programmes, novel and ingenious furniture was developed for Germany. Thus, Adolf Schneck’s “Billige Wohnung” (“Inexpensive Dwelling”), the first furniture series to be produced on an assembly line, became a symbol for consistent standardisation. Starting in 1930, Bruno Paul developed the “Growing Home”, the first complete furniture programme which enabled incremental room furnishing. After 1945, East Germany continued this “programme approach” to single or grouped pieces of furniture which consumers could assemble themselves. A well-known single piece from the mid-1950s was Franz Ehrlich’s “Model 602” chair, no less popular was the MDW group furniture introduced by in 1967 (assembly furniture of Deutsche Werkstätten, Rudolf Horn design collective).